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What Lighting Fixtures Can We Use to Set up TV Studios?

As a lighting professional, I understand the critical role that lighting plays in creating a visually appealing and engaging TV studio room. Choosing the right lighting fixtures is essential to ensure optimal image quality, minimize shadows, and enhance the overall aesthetic appeal. This blog post will explore various lighting fixtures commonly used in TV studio setups, discussing their features, benefits, and considerations.

In the previous article, we discussed 3-point lighting, the fundamental yet crucial principle. For TV studio setups, it is equally vital. So, let’s begin with this point.

Key Lights

Key lights are the primary light source in a TV studio room and serve to illuminate the subject. Typically, key lights are positioned at a higher angle to create a downward lighting effect, highlighting facial features and adding depth to the scene. LED panels or Fresnel lights are commonly used as key lights due to their versatility and ability to provide consistent illumination. LED panels offer adjustable color temperature and intensity, making them ideal for achieving various lighting styles. Fresnel lights offer precise focusing, allowing for controlled light distribution and accurate beam shaping.

Fill Lights

Fill lights complement the key lights by reducing harsh shadows and providing overall illumination to the scene. These lights are positioned at a lower intensity than the key lights and are often placed opposite to the key light angle. Softboxes, diffused LED panels, or reflectors are commonly used as fill lights to create a balanced lighting setup. Softboxes soften the light, diffused LED panels provide a more even distribution of light, and reflectors bounce the key light to fill in the shadows. The choice depends on the desired effect, space constraints, and budget considerations.


Backlights are positioned behind the subject and add separation between the subject and the background, creating a sense of depth and dimension. These lights are typically placed above and behind the subject, aimed toward the camera. LED strips, Fresnel lights, or ellipsoidal spotlights are commonly used as backlight fixtures. LED strips offer a soft, even glow, while Fresnel lights and ellipsoidal spotlights provide more focused beams, allowing for precise control over the backlight effect. Experimentation with backlight color temperatures can also add an artistic touch to the overall composition.

In addition to the significant 3-point lighting, we may consider some more lights if possible:

Cyclorama Lights

Cyclorama lights are essential for lighting the background, specifically the cyclorama or backdrop used in TV studios. These lights ensure an even and consistent illumination of the background, eliminating any unwanted shadows or inconsistencies. Fluorescent tubes or LED fixtures with wide beam angles are commonly employed as cyclorama lights. The fixtures are positioned at a distance from the cyclorama, either on the floor or overhead, to achieve a seamless and uniform lighting effect.

Accent Lights

Accent lights serve to highlight specific elements or areas within the TV studio room, such as props, set pieces, or hosts’ positions. These lights add visual interest and depth to the scene, making it more dynamic and engaging for the viewers. LED spotlights, PAR cans, or track lights are often used as accent lights due to their focused beam control and adjustable intensity. By carefully positioning accent lights, a lighting professional can guide the viewers’ attention and emphasize important aspects of the production.

Several points that need to be underlined

When selecting lighting fixtures for your TV studio projects, you may need to consider the following:

Energy Efficiency: Opt for LED fixtures, as they consume less power, produce less heat, and have a longer lifespan compared to traditional lighting options. This not only reduces operational costs but also helps create a more sustainable production environment.

Color Temperature and CRI: Ensure that the lighting fixtures provide a high color rendering index (CRI) and adjustable color temperature options. This allows for accurate color reproduction and the ability to match different lighting scenarios or on-screen requirements.

Dimming and Control: Look for fixtures that offer favorable dimming capabilities and easy control options. This flexibility enables fine-tuning of lighting levels during live broadcasts or recording sessions, ensuring the desired mood and ambiance.

Heat Management: Proper heat dissipation is crucial to maintain the longevity of the lighting fixtures and ensure the comfort of the talent and crew. Adequate ventilation and cooling mechanisms should be implemented, especially when using high-output lighting fixtures.

Choosing the right lighting fixtures for your TV studio projects is a crucial aspect of creating visually stunning productions. By understanding the roles of the above-mentioned lights, you can establish a well-balanced lighting setup that enhances the overall quality and impact of the broadcasts.

Thank you for your reading. We are more than happy to see your comments!

Hi, I'm Bing Bai, the author of this post.
I have been in the field of LED film and studio lighting for more than 9 years. If you would like to learn more about our products or lighting solutions, feel free to let me know.

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